If a user has set one of these modes, (as the default or for the current session via the Options menu) then hypertext links (and form fields, depending on the keypad mode) are prefixed with numbers in square brackets:

Entering a keyboard or keypad number is treated as an F_LINK_NUM command, and should invoke the Follow link (or goto link or page) number: statusline prompt for a potentially multiple digit number corresponding to an indicated link number.

Zero and other digits

The prompt can be invoked via typing a zero (0), but it will not be treated as the lead digit for the number entry, whereas digits 1 through 9 both invoke the prompt and are treated as the first digit.

In Form fields are numbered or Links and form fields are numbered mode, if the number corresponds to a form field you will be positioned on that field, but if it is a submit button it will not be ACTIVATE-ed.

If the user has set Keypad mode to Numbers act as arrows, then only a zero digit will be treated as an F_LINK_NUM command for invoking the Follow link (or goto link or page) number: prompt.


After accepting a number at the prompt, Lynx accepts an optional suffix:

RETURN (activate)
Without a suffix, e.g., If RETURN is pressed to terminate the number entry (e.g., 123) and it corresponds to a hypertext link, Lynx will retrieve the document for that link as if you had paged or used other navigation commands to make it the current link and then ACTIVATE-ed it.
g (go)

If the number entered at the prompt has a “g” suffix (e.g., 123g), then Lynx will make the link corresponding to that number the current link, paging as appropriate if the link does not appear in the currently displayed page. The “g” suffix is inferred (need not be entered) for form fields in Form fields are numbered or Links and form fields are numbered mode.

p (page)

Alternatively, if the number is given a “p” suffix (e.g., 123p), Lynx will make the page corresponding to that number the currently displayed page, and the first link on that page, if any, the current link. The “g” and “p” suffixes thus convert the Follow link (or goto link or page) number: feature to an advanced navigation aid.

+ or - (jump)

Finally, a user may add a + or - suffix to a number command to indicate jumping forward or back relative to the current link or page. For example, typing 1g+ followed by RETURN will move the current link to the next numbered link, skipping any intervening pages or unnumbered links; 1g- goes to the preceding numbered link. On a page without links, 3g+ goes to the 3rd link following the page. 5p+ skips ahead 5 pages, and so on. You can also enter 5+ or 5-, which will activate the 5th link ahead/behind where you are currently positioned. Note that typing 1g+ is different from typing a down arrow in that 1g+ skips pages containing no links, or intervening non-numbered links, such as form fields when form fields are not numbered. It also differs from the <tab> command in that 1g+ does not skip over whole textareas, unless form fields are not numbered.

NOTE: 1+g 1-g 1+p 1-p are all recognized as equivalent to 1g+ 1g- 1p+ 1p- . Any other (mistyped) characters end the formula: e.g. 1gh+ is treated as 1g.

Specifics for Form Fields

Numbers are associated with form fields only when

If you have selected Numbers act as arrows or Links are numbered mode, you can seek form fields in the document via WHEREIS searches for strings in their displayed values. If they are INPUT or TEXTAREA fields with no values as yet, you can use two or more underscores as the search string, because underscores are used as placeholders for form fields in the displayed document.

When you have invoked a popup window for a list of OPTIONs in a form's SELECT block:

For example, while viewing a popup window, the user can type 3p+ and RETURN to skip ahead 3 pages, and 50g- will move the current selection back 50 options. This will work whether or not keypad mode is Form fields are numbered or Links and form fields are numbered since options are numbered internally. If form field numbering is turned off, the option numbers will not appear on screen, but the user can still navigate using these commands.

Hidden Links

HTML can be structured so that it includes hidden links, i.e., without a visible link name intended for ACTIVATE-ing the link. Such links may be created, for example, by

Hidden links differ from Anchors that have only a NAME or ID attribute name/value pair (intended as positioning targets from other links which do have HREF attributes and values that include a fragment).

Lynx respects instructions for hidden links and normally does not include them in the rendition of the document. However, if the command line switch -hiddenlinks=merge is used, such links will still be numbered in sequence with other links which are not hidden, and if Links are numbered mode is also on, link numbers will appear for them in the displayed text (except for links to image maps which are hidden because of -ismap). If -hiddenlinks=listonly or -hiddenlinks=ignore is in effect, hidden links will not be shown in the text even in links are numbered mode. Not using a -hiddenlinks flag at all is equivalent to -hiddenlinks=listonly.

Navigating to Hidden Links

If a document includes hidden links, they will be reported, with appropriate labeling, in the menus created for the LIST (“l”) or ADDRLIST (“A”) commands, unless -hiddenlinks=ignore is used. They can then be ACTIVATE-ed via those menus.

If a link was hidden because of an ALT attribute in an IMG element, it will be converted to a visible link whenever the IMAGE_TOGGLE (“*”) command is used to create links for SRC attribute values of IMG elements, because this indicates that the user does have some form of image handling enabled via a helper application, or wishes to download files for subsequent use with a graphic browser or other suitable software.

HTML forms may have fields with a HIDDEN attribute, indicating that a name/value pair for the fields should be included in the content submitted for the form, but the value should not be displayed in the rendered form. Lynx respects this attribute as well, and neither displays the HIDDEN field, nor assigns it a number for the F_LINK_NUM (“0”) command and Form fields are numbered or Links and form fields are numbered keypad mode handling, nor includes an entry for it in the menus created for the LIST (“l”) or ADDRLIST (“A”) commands. However, the HIDDEN name/value pairs are included in any displays of submitted form content in the Information about the current document that is invoked by the INFO (“=”) command.